, Carl is a musical savant with perfect pitch and a highly trained ear, who has hundreds of songs committed to memory. He is diagnosed with ASD (Autistic Spectrum Disorder).

Carl began playing piano at age eight, trumpet in fifth grade, violin and viola in six grade, then sousaphone in middle school. By eighth grade he was playing sousaphone in his high school’s band. After high school, Carl switched back to viola to join the orchestra at Washington University in St Louis, MO. He then moved to Mississippi where he played viola in various community orchestras for several years.

He heard about the Hi Hopes from a fellow attendee at an Autism Awareness conference in 1992. Carl immediately sought out the director of Hope, moved to California and started playing bass and keyboard with the band